A mammoth tooth found on Wrangel Island.
Image: Juha Karhu

The last mammoths to stomp on Earth lived on Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean. This isolated population lived for thousands of years after most mammoths were gone, but when extinction finally came, it happened quickly. New evidence may finally explain what happened to these stubborn holdouts.

Research published in Quaternary Science Reviews is shedding new light on the last population of woolly mammoths and the possible reasons for their extinction.